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RACIAL DISPARITY



More than 60% of the people in prison are now racial and ethnic minorities. For Black males in their thirties, 1 in every 10 is in prison or jail on any given day. These trends have been intensified by the disproportionate impact of the "war on drugs," in which two-thirds of all persons in prison for drug offenses are people of color.

Incarceration Rate by Gender and Race

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Racial Disparity News
April 17, 2014 (Huffington Post)
Christian Leaders Call For Ending Drug War, Mass Incarceration

As the Easter holiday approaches, several Christian leaders called for the U.S. to end the war on drugs and mass incarceration of offenders. The faith leaders said they hoped the story of the resurrection of Jesus Christ inspires the resurrection of people and communities devastated by what they said was failed U.S. drug policy.

"The policies of this failed war on drugs -- which in a reality, is a war on people who happen to be poor, primarily black and brown -- is a stain on the image of this society," said the Rev. John E. Jackson, senior pastor at Trinity United Church of Christ in Gary, Ind., and leader of the social justice organization Samuel DeWitt Proctor Conference, on a conference call Wednesday organized by the Drug Policy Alliance. "Instead of trying to help individuals heal and become whole and have the help they need, people are being stigmatized for profit in the privatized prison system in this country.

The United States incarcerates more of its population than any country in the world. That's largely because of harsh sentences for certain drug-related crimes. There are roughly 25,000 drug-related convictions in federal courts each year and, according to The Associated Press, 45 percent of those are for lower-level offenses. State and local courts handle the vast majority of drug crimes.


April 17, 2014 (SparkAction.org)
A Look at the Latest Data on Race and Juvenile Justice

Josh Rovner, state advocacy associate for The Sentencing Program, wrote in a blog about “the remarkable drop in juvenile arrest rates since the mid-1990s has done little to mitigate the gap between how frequently black and white teenagers encounter the juvenile justice system. These racial disparities threaten the credibility of a justice system that purports to treat everyone equitably.

“Across the country, juvenile justice systems are marked by disparate racial outcomes at every stage of the process, starting with more frequent arrests for youth of color and ending with more frequent secure placement.

“The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of 1974 requires that data be collected at multiple points of contact: arrest, referral to court, diversion, secure detention, petition (i.e., charges filed), delinquent findings (i.e., guilt), probation, confinement in secure correctional facilities, and/or transfer to criminal/adult jurisdiction.

“Jurisdictions are also required to report the race of juveniles handled at each of these stages. As a result of this requirement—known as the Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) protection of the JJDPA—states have collected racial data on young people’s encounters with the justice system.

“National data is now available from the Department of Justice, and the W. Haywood Burns Institute has organized the publicly available state-by-state data and county-by-county data.”


April 15, 2014
Race & Justice News

School Discipline: Racial Disparities in School Discipline Begin in Preschool

Policing: 911 Dispatch Speed Varies Across Chicago Neighborhoods

Research: Black Children “Are Not Allowed to Be Children”

Annual Review of Implicit Bias Research

Juvenile Justice: Resources for Racial-Ethnic Fairness in Juvenile Justice


April 15, 2014 (MagicValley.com)
Prison Reform and Bridging the Partisan Gap

Jon Alexander writes that the United States “is really good at a few things. First and foremost might just be our ability to lock people up. And with the states annually spending north of $50 billion throwing people behind bars, it’s the American prison epidemic that might bridge the liberal-conservative gap that’s leaving most of American policymaking in the lurch.

“The United states constitutes just 5 percent of the planet’s human population. But American jails and prisons hold 25 percent of all the inmates on Earth, says the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics. That’s right, one-quarter of all the world’s prisoners are locked up in the U.S. About one in every 33 American adults is in jail or prison, a number that’s more than doubled since 1990.

“The reasons are packed full of racial and economic baggage. Recent decades saw policy that sent offenders with a little crack-cocaine in his pocket to prison for years. Someone with the more expensive cocaine might get a slap on the wrist. Crack spent decades as the scorn of poor, often black neighborhoods. Middle-class and wealthy whites do coke. Drug policy is especially relevant here. More people are behind bars because of drugs than murder, rape or any other violent offense.

“In Idaho, the incarceration rate of blacks in 2007 was four-times higher than whites, according to a report from The Sentencing Project. The incarceration rate for Hispanics is double that of whites in Idaho. And that’s in one of the statistically safest states in the nation.


April 14, 2014 (St. Louis Post-Dispatch)
Lawmakers should lift Missouri's lifetime ban on food stamps for ex-offenders

An editorial calls Missouri’s continuation of the lifetime ban on food stamps for people with records of drug felonies “a meat-ax approach to a problem that would be better solved with a scalpel.

“A provision that authorizes the ban was part of the federal welfare reform law approved in 1996. In the frenzy at the time over winning the misbegotten “war on drugs,” the idea got only two minutes of debate after it was introduced on the U.S. Senate floor. One minute for Republicans and one for Democrats. It then was adopted by a unanimous voice vote.

“Because there was so little debate, the motivation behind the idea is unclear. It surely didn’t receive much thought. But coming down heavy on drug-sellers and users was seen as a Good Thing. As if someone preparing to commit a drug crime was going to stop and think, ‘Wait ... if I commit this crime, and get caught, I might lose eligibility for food stamps.’

“Federal and state felony drug ex-offenders were the only group barred from food assistance by the reform laws. There was and is no ban for child molesters, murderers, rapists or other felons who have served their time. Worth noting is that women are disproportionately affected by the ban since they are about twice as likely as men to receive food stamps.